当前位置:首页 >> english >> Useful Information >> Pre-arrival Guide
Guizhou

Guizhou province is called "Qian" or "Gui" for its short forms. Located on the eastern slope of Yunnan--Guizhou Plateau, Guizhou borders provinces (region and municipality) of

http://oir.gzu.edu.cn/ewebeditor/uploadfile/20111223114258001.jpg

Hunan, Guangxi, Yunnan, Sichuan and Chongqing to the east, south, west, and north respectively. The province becomes an important access to the sea and a transportation hub for Southwest China.

 

The province covers an area of 176,100 square kilometers, accounting for 1.8% of the national area. The altitude is 1,100 meters on average. Mountains and hills make up 92.5% of the total provincial area, of which 61.9% is dominated by karst landform. Guizhou is one of the most developed karst landform regions in the world.

The province has a subtropical monsoon climate and the weather is normally mild, neither frigid in winter nor scorching in summer. The rainfall is plentiful and the average temperatures are 5.2 oC in January and 24.3 oC in July.

 

Main cities
Administratively, Guizhou consists of four prefecture-level cities--Guiyang, Liupanshui, Zunyi and Anshun, three minority autonomous prefectures--Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Qiannan Miao and Bouyei Autonomous Prefecture and Qianxinan Bouyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, and two prefectures--Bijie and Tongren. Under the prefecture level, there are nine county-level cities of Kaili, Duyun, Xingyi, Tongren, Bijie, Chishui, Qingzhen, Renhuai and Fuquan and 79 counties (districts and special districts). Guiyang is the capital of the province.

 

People & Culture

There are many ethnic groups in the province with a population of 39,310,000. 49 ethnic groups are living in Guizhou, 17 of whom are ethnic minorities and have lived here for generations. Ten ethnic groups of Han, Miao, Bouyei, Dong, Tujia, Yi, Gelao, Shui, Hui and Bai have a population of over 100,000 respectively. The population of ethnic minorities account for 36.77% of the provincial total, ranking third in China.

 

Guizhou is one of the important birthplaces of the Chinese ancients and there were human activities 500,000 or 600,000 years ago. In 1382 (the 15th year of Hongwu Emperor in the Ming Dynasty), a first military organization was set up. Guizhou officially became a province-level administration in 1413 (the 11th year of Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty).

 

Resources

Guizhou is one of the provinces with abundant mineral deposits. 123 minerals have been found and 76 have been ascertained. 28 are on the top five and 41 the top ten in China. Coal, manganese, bauxite, antimony, gold, pyrite, phosphorus and barite are competitive. The province is best known for its coal reserves, which is the 5th largest in the country, south of the Yangtze River. Bauxite resource is China’s third largest. Phosphorus reserves ranks second in China, accounting for 32.6% of the national total. The province is the biggest supplier of barite with its huge reserve. The exploitation and utilization of advantageous mineral resources has made Guizhou a significant base of energy, aluminum and phosphorus-chemistry and manganese-related ferry alloy production, and the biggest barium carbonate production base in Asia as well. With its large-scale exploration of gold mines in Southwest Guizhou, the province is expected to become an emerging gold base.

 

Guizhou is also a province rich in tourism resource. More than 1000 natural places with commercial value and over 1000 villages for development of rural tourism scatter all over the province. At present, there are 12 national-level scenic areas like the Huangguoshu Waterfall and the Dragon Palace, and 57 provincial-level scenic spots such as Huaxi and Baihua Lake. 7 national nature reserves include Mount Fanjing and Caohai and 15 provincial nature reserves such as Kuankuoshui and Mount Leigongshan. Cultural relics at national level are 19, for instance, the original site of Zunyi Meeting and Qinglong Cave. 285 are cultural relics at provincial level, for instance, pictographs on the Red Rock and the Longevity Palace in Shiqian County. There are 11 national forest parks in the province, the Bamboo Sea in Chishui City and the Azalea Forest, to mention a few. The number of national geo-parks is four including Guanling biota and Shuanghe Cave in Shuiyang County. Guiyang, Duyun and Kaili have been selected as the nice Chinese cities for tourism.

中国·贵州·贵州理工学院 地址:贵州省贵阳市云岩区蔡关路 1 号 邮编550003
建议使用1024X768分辨率浏览 本站推荐浏览器:IE7.0及以上版本
技术支持:贵州佰仕佳信息工程有限公司